Author Guidelines in

The project is a web dedicated to the diffusion of natural history knowledge, ecology, systematics, conservation and distribution of the amphibians and reptiles from Morocco and Western Sahara.

Contrary to information written on paper, here the contents can be updated as soon as new information comes up. The authors welcome people interested in publishing or improving the contents of this web.

The majority of the ongoing contents correspond to species’ pages. People interested in editing the contents should ask for non-developed pages or suggest improvements of existent contents. We are also open to suggestions about publishing contents related with the topics of the web. For contacting us, a contact form is available.

Contents will be under review by the authors and collaborators of the web, and if topics are especially complex, experts will be consulted.

Guidelines for manuscript preparation

Contents in Spanish, English and French will be accepted.

Scientific names and any other Latin term such as et al., e.g., etc. are written in italics. For references, if the scientific name appears in a text already written in italics, it will be then written in non-italics so that it is highlighted. Any other taxon above the family level is written in non-italics. The symbol “&” will be used for English texts and “et” should be used for French contents.

References in the text

Single author (Darwin, 2009)

Two authors (Darwin y Wallace, 2007)

More than two authors (Darwin et al., 2010) – as any other Latin term, et al. is written in italics.

More than one reference must be chronologically arranged (Darwin y Wallace, 2007; Wallace, 2009).

More than one reference from the same author must be chronologically arranged within each group (Darwin, 2006; 2009) or (Darwin et al., 2006; 2010) or (Darwin, 2006; 2009; Darwin & Wallace, 2007; Darwin et al., 2010).

Two or more references from the same author and year (Darwin, 2006a; 2006b).

Personal observations (C. Darwin, pers. obs.). Initials must be referred.

Personal communications (A.R. Wallace, pers. com.). Initials must be referred.

If authors’ names are to be referred within the text, the year will be place into brackets. If there are more than two authors, it will be written as “according to Darwin and collaborators (2010)”. “et al.” will not be used in this case.

Units of measurement

They will be referred without either dots or “s”: m, mm, cm, km, µm, g, kg, L, mL, Hz, °C, s, ms

Heights will not be referred as a.s.l. (above sea level).

References list

Full references must be placed at the end of every text, within the “References” section. All references cited throughout the text must be placed alphabetically. If there are two or more references from the same author and year in the text, they will be chronologically differentiated as a, b, c…

Journal articles: authors by last name and initials separated by dots. Names separated by “;” Year of publication. Title of the article. Full name of the journal in italics. Volume of the journal: pages.

  • Busack, S.D.; Maxson, L.R. y Wilson, M.A. 1985. Pelobates varaldii (Anura: Pelobatidae): a morphologically conservative species. Copeia 1985: 107-112

Books: same way but the title of the book in italics and the total number of pages of the book must appear.

  • Bons, J. y Geniez, P. 1996. Anfibios y Reptiles de Marruecos. Asociación Herpetológica Española, Barcelona. 319 pp.

Book chapters: include the range of pages of the chapter.

  • Fahd, S., Martínez-Medina, F.J.; Mateo, J.A. y Pleguezuelos, J.M. 2002. Blanus tingitanus Busack, 1988. Culebrilla ciega de Tánger. Pp. 409-410. In: Pleguezuelos, J. M., Márquez, R., Lizana, M. (Eds.). Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Anfibios y Reptiles de España. Segunda impresión. Dirección General de Conservación de la Naturaleza-Asociación Herpetológica Española, Madrid. 585 pp.

Web references

  • de Pous, P. y Beukema, W. Moroccan Spadefoot Toad (Pelobates varaldii). In Edge of Existence.
    Consulted the 17th of February, 2011.

Ideas for page elaboration

Next sections must be included:


  • Taxonomic description and, if possible, phylogenetic frame
  • Morphological description (general/head/body/coloration/sexual dimorphism/differences between similar species)

Ecology and habits

  • Diurnal/nocturnal; terrestrial/aquatic…
  • Annual activity
  • Social behaviour (including reproduction)
  • Preys and hunting strategies
  • Predators and defensive strategies

Distribution, habitat and abundance

  • Distribution within Morocco and Western Sahara, and overall distribution
  • Habitat
  • Abundance, specifics threats, IUCN category, etc…


  • Last section. Follow the above rules.

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